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Weed Habitat 

  • Introduced from South and Central America as a ponded pasture, Hymenachne invades and chokes out waterways, including drains, lagoons, creeks, wetlands and the edges of mangroves, where it tends to stagnate water and reduce oxygen levels, affecting fish populations.
  • Grows on moist soil and in water to 1.5 m deep.
  • Growth is enhanced by nutrient enrichment and sedimentation.


  • Robust, perennial deep-water grass, 1-1.5 m high.
  • Stems erect or ascending from a prostrate base.
  • Leaf blades green, 10-45 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, strongly clasping the stem at the base, prominent light coloured veins, hairy margins.
  • Flower heads are dense, spike-like, cylindrical, 20-40 cm long and 8 mm thick, sometimes branched.

Hymenachne amplexicaulisHymenachne amplexicaulisHymenachne amplexicaulis


Plant Type

Other weed identifiers

Plant Life Cycle

Weed Declaration

This species is declared Restricted Matter under the Biosecurity Act 2014 for further information on declaration refer to your Local Government or the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. It is also a Weed of National Significance.

Weed Spread